During the Brics Meeting that took place in Brasília, the Brics Business Council (Cebrics) presented the Brics Future Skills Conference. It was a very informative seminar to understand the impact of Industry 4.0 on companies and especially on their employees. During the event, extensive amounts of data were presented on the advancement of the concept of Industry 4.0 in the Brics Countries, showing the potential impacts on the future regarding the need of skilled workers and thereby also the mapping of Skills Gaps Across Brics Countries.
The director general of the National Industrial Training Service (Senai) which is also the superintendent director of the Social Service of Industry (Sesi), Rafael Lucchesi, said that the future require a transformation of the existing education. “We stand in front of the challenge to rethinking the education systems, to replacing the logic of mass education with innovation-oriented education, problem solving, and steam-oriented learning,” he said. He also pointed out that it is impossible to restrain new technologies, that low skill tasks will be phased out through automatization and that this most certainly will have a huge impact on the workforce and consequently on the Brazilian Support Service for Micro and Small Enterprises (Sebrae). Sebrae is a non-profit private entity with the mission of promoting the sustainable and competitive development of small businesses.
After the study of progress in Industry 4.0, the Brics Policy Center director, Paulo Esteves (PUC-Rio), concluded that while the Brics countries have made significant progress, the five nations still have a low level of productivity and technological intensity. According to the study presented, each country has specific challenges, but all will need to be aware of the issue of professional requalification. In this sense, in addition to technical capacity, the nations should also look for ways to develop the skills of the professionals, such as analytical skills and social intelligence, project management and problem solving.
In the case of Brazil, there is a lack of talent in medium and large companies together with a lack of qualification in hard skills. The study also describes the skills and knowledge available in comparison with the skill-profile for the future jobs (Link to the study can be found in the end of this blog).
Senai’s Executive Studies and Prospecting Manager, Márcio Guerra, argued that the Brics countries need to adopt mechanisms that allow for the rapid updating of their professionals’ skills, as the demands of the world of work will change permanently and rapidly.
He presented the Senai Prospecting Model, a method used to inform the institution’s course offerings and curriculum organization decisions. The methodology, which has already been transferred to more than 20 countries in South America and the Caribbean, has been cited by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the International Labor Organization (ILO) as an example of successful experience in identification of vocational training in line with future business needs.
Ana Carolina Bussacos & Jacob Paulsen